International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.22, 12593-12603, 2020
Effect of orifice plate on the transmission mechanism of a detonation wave in hydrogen-oxygen mixtures
In this paper, a square orifice plate with 60 mm thick and the blockage ratio (BR) of 0.889 is employed to systematically explore the transmission regime of a steady detonation wave in hydrogen-oxygen mixtures. The influence of hydrogen mole fraction is also considered. The average velocity of combustion wave can be determined by evenly mounting eight high-speed pressure sensors on the tube wall, and the detonation cellular patterns can be also registered by the soot foil technique. The experimental results indicate that for the condition of smooth tube, the hydrogen concentration limits range of detonation successful propagation is 37.5%-73.68%. Two propagation modes can be obtained, i.e., the regimes of fast flame and steady detonation. The hydrogen concentration limits range is narrowed to 42.53%-69.51% in the tube with a square orifice plate. Three propagation regimes are observed: (1) near the low limit, a steady detonation wave can be produced before the obstacle, and the phenomenon of detonation decay is seen across the square orifice plate because of the influence of diffraction resulting in the mechanism of detonation failure. The failed detonation wave is not re-ignited because of the lower hydrogen concentration; (2) as the hydrogen mole fraction is increased to 42.53%, the mechanism of detonation re-ignition can be seen after the detonation decay. Well within the limits, the same detonation re-initiation phenomenon also can be observed; (3) as the hydrogen concentration is further enhanced to 69.7% beyond the upper limit, a stable detonation wave is not produced prior to the orifice plate, and the combustion wave front maintain the mode of fast flame until the end of the channel. Finally, it can be found that the detonation wave can successfully survive from the diffraction only when the effective diameter (d(eff)) is at least greater than one cell size (lambda). (C) 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.