International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.25, 13652-13658, 2020
Cu/CGO cermet based electrodes for Symmetric and Reversible Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Cu-based cermets suitable for electrodes in Symmetric and Reversible Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SR-SOFCs) based on the Cerium Gadolinum Oxide (CGO) electrolyte were developed and successfully tested in the intermediate temperature range (600-800 degrees C). The Cu/CGO cermets were prepared by means of a self-combustion based citrate procedure and the effects of synthesis conditions were studied. Characterization of the Cu/CGO nanocomposites by XPS, XRD, SEM, TPR suggested that this procedure allows obtaining highly dispersed CuO on the cerium gadolinium oxide. Conversion higher than 80% was observed above 600 degrees C in methane total oxidation. Synthesis parameters affected both properties and catalytic performance. The behaviour under redox conditions was studied by operando high-energy XRD under oscillating H-2/O-2 feed. Reducing conditions converted CuO into Cu(0) passing through an intermediate Cu2O phase while increasing the conductivity and the reactivity. This structural modification was completely reversible. The high stability, reversibility, catalytic activity and electrochemical performance make these electrodes promising for SR-SOFCs. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.