International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.45, No.25, 13564-13574, 2020
Study of hybrid energy system coupling fuel cell, solar thermal system and photovoltaic cell
The present work examines the combination of solar energy systems with Fuel cell. Indeed, fuel cells are green storage systems without any pollution effects. They are supplied by oxygen and hydrogen to produce electricity. That is why it is inescapable to find a source of hydrogen in order to use fuel cell. Several techniques can be adopted to produce hydrogen depending on the availability and the cost of the sources. One of the most utilized techniques is electrolysers. They allow to obtain hydrogen from water by several technologies among them proton exchange membrane (PEM) which is considered in this work. On the other hand, electrolysers need electrical power to operate. A green-green energy system can be constructed by using a renewable energy source to supply fuel cell trough electrolysers. A comparison between two solar systems (Photovoltaic and Parabolic Trough) coupled to fuel cell is performed. A case study on the Lebanese city of Tripoli is carried out. The study shows the performance of each of both combined systems for different parameters and proposes recommendations depending on the considered configuration. (C) 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.