International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.44, No.5, 3558-3573, 2020
A novel interval-based approach for quantifying practical parameter identifiability of a lithium-ion battery model
Practical identifiability of battery model parameters, on which both modeling accuracy and robustness rely, is considered as a very important prerequisite for advanced onboard monitoring and control of Lithium-ion batteries. In this paper, a novel confidence-interval-based approach is proposed for the quantification and assessment of the practical identifiability of a widely used second order battery equivalent circuit model (ECM). This method utilizes profile likelihood and likelihood ratio subset statistic to calculate each parameter's confidence interval, based on which a normalized index is further derived for facilitating quantification and fast comparison of the identifiability degree among different parameters. Using this approach, the practical identifiability of the second order ECM under lab-collected experimental data is successfully evaluated, and the influences of several real-world factors are systematically examined through extensive simulations. The results show that the open circuit voltage and ohmic internal resistance have a much larger degree of identifiability in all the investigated conditions. Some practically useful insights on performing battery parameter identification are also provided.