International Journal of Energy Research, Vol.44, No.6, 4269-4278, 2020
Indirect thermosiphon flat-plate solar collector performance based on twisted tube design heat exchanger filled with nanofluid
Stationary solar collector such as flat-plate collector is a thermal device, which traps solar energy and converts it into heat that can be used in industrial and domestic applications such as water heating. Flat-plate collector thermal performance enhancement is investigated in this research paper. Two cross-sectional geometries of the tube in the heat exchanger were investigated; a normal circular tube and a twisted tube were used in the experiment. The aim of the twisted tube exchanger is to enhance the performance of heat transfer of the tubes and to reduce the shell pressure drop; flat-plate solar collector is the used application to study the heat exchanger performance. Both twisted tubes heat exchanger and normal circular tubes heat exchanger were examined in the same location and conditions with the same solar collector, both were used in the heat exchanger to study their effect, with two different working fluids, which are distilled water and multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/water nanofluid. The system shows an increase in the performance when twisted tubes were used in the system compared with the circular tubes in both distilled water and MWCNT/water nanofluid by 12.8% and 12.5%, respectively, with an improvement by 34% for twisted tubes with MWCNT compared with normal circular tubes with distilled water.