Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.59, No.7, 4617-4625, 2020
Inorganic and Metal-Organic Nanocomposites for Cascade-Responsive Imaging and Photochemical Synergistic Effects
Porphyrins coordinated with platinum(II) chemotherapeutic drugs are attractive for the development of photosensitizers for photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer. In this paper, inorganic and metal-organic nanocomposites were synthesized with cascade-responsive imaging and photochemical synergistic effects. After endo/lysosomal escape, the outer metal-organic frameworks were degraded, leading to the release of an excellent photosensitizer (tetrapyridylporphyrin, PtTPyP). Subsequently, doxorubicin (DOX), inserted in the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) aptamer-functionalized gold nanoparticles, was released under the stimulation of endogenous ATP, synergistically enhancing cancer treatment. Fluorescence imaging allowed tracking of PtTPyP and DOX for real-time detection and on-demand therapy. This strategy endowed the nanocomposites with stability, responsiveness, effectiveness, and ease of synthesis, namely, sTREE strategy. Accordingly, our demonstration provided a promising and smart nanocarrier for imaging and drug delivery.