Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.59, No.7, 4435-4442, 2020
Ultrastable Thorium Metal-Organic Frameworks for Efficient Iodine Adsorption
Two novel thorium-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), namely Th-SINAP-7 and Th-SINAP-8, have been synthesized via the solvothermal reactions of thorium nitrate and 1,4- or 2,6-naphthalenedicarboxylic acid in the presence of acid modulators. Bearing the rigid aromatic architectures, Th-SINAP-7 and Th-SINAP-8 exhibit exceptional chemical (from pH 1 to 12) and thermal stabilities (up to 520 degrees C), as well as ionizing radioresistance (2 X 10(5) Gy beta and gamma irradiations). The highly porous nature and conjugated pi-electrons of naphthalene on the organic linkers endow high affinity of both MOFs toward I-2 molecules owning to the charge transfer between pi-electrons of the host networks and the guest iodine molecules, as evidenced by combined techniques including of FTIR, PXRD, SEM-EDS, UV-vis spectroscopy, XPS, and Raman spectroscopy. Particularly, Th-SINAP-8 can efficiently remove >99% I-2 from cyclohexane solution and exhibit guest uptake of iodine vapor with an adsorption capacity of 473 mg/g.