Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol.59, No.7, 3008-3015, 2020
Engineering Active Ni Sites in Ternary Layered Double Hydroxide Nanosheets for a Highly Selective Photoreduction of CO2 to CH4 under Irradiation above 500 nm
Reduction of photocatalytic CO2 into renewable hydrocarbon solar fuels is considered to be a promising strategy that can simultaneously address global energy needs as well as environmental concerns. To date, making use of a higher wavelength for photocatalytic conversion of CO2 to CH4 continues to be highly challenging. In this work, we report a highly selective reduction of CO2 into CH4 and CO by introducing Ni species into CoFe-layered double hydroxide (LDH) as the visible light photocatalyst in conjunction with a Ru complex sensitizer. A more interesting finding is that the selectivity of CH4 was raised to 78.9% as compared to 0% of CoFe-LDH, while the H-2 evolution was suppressed to 1.7% as compared to 30.5% of CoFe-LDH under light irradiation at lambda > 500 nm. The involvement of Ni2+ ions in the CoFe-LDH layers has shown to promote the photoinduced electron-hole pair separation and thereby facilitate the photocatalytic efficiency. This work provides a new strategy for exploring the Ni-based earth-abundant photocatalysts for CO2 photoreduction.