Electrophoresis, Vol.41, No.3-4, 235-245, 2020
Biogeographic origin prediction of three continental populations through 42 ancestry informative SNPs
A biogeographic estimate of a certain population can not only discern population substructure in the whole genome association study, but also provide informative clues for forensic investigations when obtained DNA genotypes do not find a match in the available forensic DNA database. In this study, 100 ancestry informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (AISNPs) were first presented to differentiate three continental ancestries (African, East Asian and European). Ultimately, forty-two AISNPs were chosen from the 100 AISNPs. Distinguishing power of the 100 and 42 AISNPs for differentiating continental populations was further evaluated with population cluster analyses. Results indicated both of AISNP sets could efficiently differentiate 11 training populations from the three continents. Further validation of 42 AISNPs in testing population set indicated these 42 AISNPs performed well for ancestry inferences of these testing individuals. Ancestry components of Uyghur group were assessed by comparing with different continental populations based on these 42 AISNPs. Results revealed that East Asian populations contributed more ancestry components to the studied Uyghur group than European populations. In conclusion, our study is expected to provide more AISNP markers and enrich extant reference database.