Electrophoresis, Vol.41, No.3-4, 215-224, 2020
Application of polydopamine-coated nylon capillary-channeled polymer fibers as a stationary phase for mass spectrometric phosphopeptide analysis
Capillary-channeled polymer (C-CP) fibers are demonstrated as a selective stationary phase for phosphopeptide analysis via LC-MS. Taking advantage of the oxidative self-polymerization of dopamine under alkaline conditions, a simple system involving a dilute aqueous solution of 0.2% w/v dopamine hydrochloride in 0.15% w/v TRIS buffer, pH 8.5 was utilized to coat polydopamine onto nylon 6 C-CP fibers. Confirmation of the polydopamine coating on the fibers (nylon-PDA) was made through attenuated total reflection-FTIR (ATR-FTIR) analysis. Imaging using SEM was also performed to examine the morphology and topography of the nylon-PDA. Subsequent loading of Fe3+ to the nylon-PDA matrix was confirmed by SEM/energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM/EDX). The Fe3+-bound nylon-PDA fibers packed in a microbore column format were tested in the off-line preconcentration of phosphopeptides from a 1:100 mixture of beta-casein/BSA digests for MALDI-TOF analysis. The packed column was also installed onto an HPLC system as a platform for the online sample clean-up and enrichment of phosphopeptides from a 1:1000 mixture of beta-casein/BSA protein digests that were determined by subsequent ESI-MS analysis.