Current Applied Physics, Vol.20, No.4, 538-544, 2020
Facile and highly effective synthesis of nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots as a fluorescent sensing probe for Cu2+ detection
Nitrogen-doped graphene quantum dots (N-GQDs) with high blue fluorescence efficiency were synthesized by the hydrothermal method from p-Phenylenediamine and p-Coumaric acid. The N-GQDs possess several superiorities, most significantly in excellent solubility and superior photostability. Besides, the as-prepared N-GQDs exhibit a uniform size distribution with a diameter of about 3.8 +/- 0.5 nm. After dispersing the N-GQDs in water, the formed aqueous solution still presents a stable and homogeneous phase even after 2 months at room temperature. The N-GQD dispersion was further utilized as sensing probes for the selective detection of copper ions (Cu2+), which is realized by the photoluminescence (PL) quenching of N-GQDs after adding Cu2+. The detection limit for Cu2+ was found to be 57 nM L-1, with superior selectivity in the presence of other commonly interfering metal ions. The presented results in this study provide a facile and high-efficiency method for synthesizing N-GQDs, with ultra-high detectivity and selectivity for Cu2+ detection, offering numerous opportunities for the development of biosensing, bioimaging, environment monitoring, and others.