Combustion and Flame, Vol.213, 331-342, 2020
Particle-resolved simulation and modeling of the conversion rate of coal char in chemical looping with oxygen uncoupling
The high concentration of CO2 and low concentration of O-2 at relatively low temperatures of 1123-1223 K are typical reactive atmospheres in the fuel reactor of a chemical looping with oxygen uncoupling (CLOU) unit. Char within this environment can be converted via lean-O-2 oxidation and/or rich-CO2 gasification. Conventional models, which either considered the oxidation only or considered the oxidation and gasification contributions independently by simply adding the two individual conversion rates together, seem arbitrary. Therefore, it is necessary to quantitatively explore the contributions of the oxidation and the gasification reactions as well as their interactions in CLOU conditions through more detailed particle-resolved simulations. In this work, a single particle model which described a spherical reacting porous particle with its reacting boundary layer was developed to investigate the conversion characteristics of pulverized coal char in lean-O-2 and/or rich-CO2 conditions (analogous CLOU conditions). The heterogeneous reaction kinetics developed by Tilghman and Mitchell  and the simplified GRI-Mech 3.0 gas-phase reaction kinetics were adopted. It was found that the char conversion rate in CLOU conditions could be basically modeled as the sum of the full oxidation consumption rate and the partial gasification consumption rate, i.e. r(mix)=phi(1)r(gasi)+r(oxid). The interactions between the oxidation and gasification reactions were elaborated in two aspects: on the one side, the oxidation of coal char in CLOU conditions is within the weak zone II burning region, where the oxidation reaction only happens peripherally and is nearly unaffected by the high concentration of CO2; on the other side, the gasification reaction within the external layer of the coal char particle is inhibited by the oxidation reaction, consequently the gasification reaction only happens inside the coal char particle where O-2 cannot penetrate into. Based on these understandings, a correlation between the coefficient, phi(1), and the effectiveness factor of the oxidation reaction, eta, was proposed to describe the overall char conversion rate in CLOU conditions. Through fitting the simulation results under typical CLOU conditions, the quantitative relationship between phi(1) and eta was finally attained. (C) 2019 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.