Combustion and Flame, Vol.213, 226-236, 2020
Ignition delay time measurement and kinetic modeling of furan, and comparative studies of 2,3-dihydrofuran and tetrahydrofuran at low to intermediate temperatures by using a rapid compression machine
The low to intermediate temperature (850-1050 K) auto-ignition characteristics of furan, 2,3-dihydrofurn and tetrahydrofuran have been investigated both experimentally and kinetically. The pressure (18 and 33 bar) and equivalence ratio (0.5, 1.0 and 2.0) effects on the auto-ignition of furan were experimentally examined using a rapid compression machine. Compared with alkylated furans, the ignition delay times of furan show notably insensitivity to equivalence ratio. Comparison on the low to intermediate temperature reactivity of furan, alkylated furans, 2, 3-dihydrofuran, and tetrahydrofuran indicates that saturation degree plays a more dominant role in enhancing reactivity than alkyl substitution. Literature mechanisms were validated against present data. Kinetic analyses revealed the major fuel consuming routes and the causes for the deviation between simulation and experimental results. Furthermore, a modified model of furan, 2, 3-dihydrofuran, and tetrahydrofuran was proposed and validated against the ignition delay times in this study as well as experimental data in literatures. (C) 2019 Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The Combustion Institute.