Combustion and Flame, Vol.213, 98-106, 2020
A pressure- or velocity-dependent acceleration rate law for the shock-to-detonation transition process in PBX 9502 high explosive
Shock-to-detonation transition profiles of PBX 9502 explosive are analyzed to develop a rate law for shock acceleration. The shock motion profiles are seen to follow a common trend in the shock acceleration-velocity frame, aside from an early time transient that is dependent on the initiating shock strength. The duration of the early time transient is seen to correlate with the initial shock strength. The common shock acceleration profile is seen to be Arrhenius-like with respect to the local particle velocity or pressure. A dual-rate pressure-dependent Arrhenius-type rate law is developed with the duration of the early rate set by the initial shock strength. The rate law is able to predict the shock motion for all tests well in both particle velocity and pressure space. In addition to directly measuring commonalities in the acceleration profiles of the experimental shock motion, this work provides insight into the functional form of the reaction rate laws for this TATB-based high explosive. The rate law also supports the concept that shock-driven reaction in heterogenous high explosives is driven by localized ignition and growth of hotspots. (C) 2019 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.