Combustion and Flame, Vol.214, 47-56, 2020
Implications of real-gas behavior on refractive index calculations for optical diagnostics of fuel-air mixing at high pressures
Three models to compute the refractive index of gaseous mixtures at real gas conditions are presented with the purpose to improve the accuracy of state relationships between refractive index and thermodynamic properties. Models are compared with experimental data to determine one that is applicable to high pressure mixtures with non-ideal thermodynamic behavior near or above a fluids' critical point. The optimal model is applied to analyze adiabatic thermal mixing of fuel and air at typical diesel engine conditions. Results show that the ideal gas mixture law is appropriate in the vapor region, assuming it is known, for example, from experimental measurements. Finally, the model is applied for binary fuel-air mixing at supercritical conditions to demonstrate its full potential. (C) 2019 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.