Chemical Engineering Research & Design, Vol.154, 70-85, 2020
Mixed-Integer dynamic optimization of conventional and vapor recompressed batch distillation for economic and environmental objectives
In this contribution, a unique multi-objective mixed-integer dynamic optimization problem considering two conflicting objectives, namely, maximization of amount of product per dollar while minimizing CO2 emission is formulated and solved using the elitist non-dominated genetic algorithm for both conventional batch distillation (CBD) and vapor recompressed batch distillation (VRBD) operating at constant reflux mode. Here, selection of an optimal solution from the Pareto-optimal front is performed by 10 Pareto ranking methods along with entropy weighting. A wide boiling separating system (i.e., acetone and water) is adopted for illustrating the proposed multi-objective optimization of batch distillation. Two separate optimization studies for CBD and VRBD are conducted with the target of either improving an existing plant or setting up a new plant. Results obtained show that most of the popular Pareto ranking methods select same optimal solution for each of these problems. Finally, a comparative analysis is performed to find the benefits of vapor recompression over the conventional scheme. (C) 2019 Institution of Chemical Engineers. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.