Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol.117, No.5, 1446-1457, 2020
Enzyme assembly guided by SPFH-induced functional inclusion bodies for enhanced cascade biocatalysis
Enzyme clustering into compact agglomerates could accelerate the processing of intermediates to enhance metabolic pathway flux. However, enzyme clustering is still a challenging task due to the lack of universal assembly strategy applicable to all enzymes. Therefore, we proposed an alternative enzyme assembly strategy based on functional inclusion bodies. First, functional inclusion bodies in cells were formed by the fusion expression of stomatin/prohibitin/flotillin/HflK/C (SPFH) domain and enhanced green fluorescent protein, as observed visually and by transmission electron microscopy. The formation of SPFH-induced functional inclusion bodies enhanced intermolecular polymerization as revealed by further analysis combined with Forster resonance energy transfer and bimolecular fluorescent complimentary. Finally, the functional inclusion bodies significantly improved the enzymatic catalysis in living cells, as proven by the examples with whole-cell biocatalysis of phenyllactic acid by Escherichia coli, and the production of N-acetylglucosamine by Bacillus subtilis. Our findings suggest that SPFH-induced functional inclusion bodies can enhance the cascade reaction of enzymes, to serve as a potential universal strategy for the construction of efficient microbial cell factories.