Biomacromolecules, Vol.21, No.3, 1243-1253, 2020
Anti-Infective and Pro-Coagulant Chitosan-Based Hydrogel Tissue Adhesive for Sutureless Wound Closure
Multifunctional tissue adhesives with excellent adhesion, antibleeding, anti-infection, and wound healing properties are desperately needed in clinical surgery. However, the successful development of multifunctional tissue adhesives that simultaneously possess all these properties remains a challenge. We have prepared a novel chitosan-based hydrogel adhesive by integration of hydrocaffeic acid-modified chitosan (CS-HA) with hydrophobically modified chitosan lactate (hmCS lactate) and characterized its gelation time, mechanical properties, and microstructure. Tissue adhesion properties were evaluated using both pigskin and intestine models. In situ antibleeding efficacy was demonstrated via the rat hemorrhaging liver and full-thickness wound closure models. Good antibacterial activity and anti-infection capability toward S. aureus and P. aeruginosa were confirmed using in vitro contact-killing assays and an infected pigskin model. The result of coculturing with 3T3 fibroblast cells indicated that the hydrogels have no significant cytotoxicity. Most importantly, the biocompatible and biodegradable CS-HA/hmCS lactate hydrogel was able to close the wound in a sutureless way and promote wound healing. Our results demonstrate that this hydrogel has great promise for sutureless closure of surgical incisions.