Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.522, No.3, 736-742, 2020
A cost-effective three-dimensional culture platform functionally mimics the adipose tissue microenvironment surrounding the kidney
There is an increasing interest in studying the crosstalk between tumor-associated adipose tissue and tumor progression. In proximity to the primary site of kidney tumors, perinephric adipose tissue has direct contact with cancer cells when kidney cancer becomes invasive. To mimic the perinephric adipose tissue microenvironment, we applied the liquid overlay-based technique, which cost-effectively generated functional adipocyte spheroids using mesenchymal stem cells isolated from human perinephric adipose tissue. Thereafter, we co-cultured adipocyte spheroids with unpolarized macrophages and discovered an M2 phenotype skew in macrophages. Moreover, we discovered that, in the presence of adipocyte spheroids, M2 macrophages exhibited stronger invasive capacity than M1 macrophages. We further showed that the perinephric adipose tissue sampled from metastatic kidney cancer exhibited high expression of M2 macrophages. In conclusion, the liquid overlay-based technique can generate a novel three-dimensional platform enabling investigation of the interactions of adipocytes and other types of cells in a tumor microenvironment. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.