Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.522, No.3, 599-603, 2020
Tensin regulates pharyngeal pumping in Caenorhabditis elegans
Tensin is a focal adhesion molecule that is known to regulate cell adhesion, migration, and proliferation. Although there are four tensin homologs (TNS1, TNS2, TNS3, and CTEN/TNS4) in mammals, only one tensin gene is found in Caenorhabditis elegans. Sequence analysis suggests that Caenorhabditis elegans tensin is slightly closer aligned with human TNS1 than with other human tensins. To establish the role of TNS1 in Caenorhabditis elegans, we have generated TNS1 knockout (KO) worms by CRISPR-Cas9 and homologous recombination directed repair approaches. Lack of TNS1 does not appear to affect the development or gross morphology of the worms. Nonetheless, defecation cycles are significantly longer in TNS1 KO worms. In addition, their pharyngeal pumping rate is markedly faster, which is likely due to a shorter pump duration in the KO worms. These findings indicate that TNS1 is not required for the development and survival of Caenorhabditis elegans but point to a critical role in modulating defecation and pharyngeal pumping rates. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.