Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.522, No.3, 553-559, 2020
PRRT2 frameshift mutation reduces its mRNA stability resulting loss of function in paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia
A heterozygous frameshift PRRT2 mutation (c.649_650InsC) has been identified as the major causative mutation in several paroxysmal disorders, including paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD). Since PKD is an autosomal dominant disorder and since the frameshift mutations of PRRT2 may create a truncated protein, it remains unclear whether this mutation causes toxic gain of function or loss of function. By generating Prrt2 knock-in (KI) mice that express human PRRT2 with the c.649_650InsC mutation and by comparing the phenotypes of Prrt2 KI mice with knockout (KO) mice, we find that both KI and KO mice show the same extents of impaired rotarod and balance beam performance as well as the same sensitivity to seizure induction. Both KI and KO mice show altered formation of SNARE complex and number of synaptic vesicles. In addition, western blotting of KI mouse brain tissues could not detect truncated PRRT2 protein that might be generated by the c.649_650InsC mutation. Moreover, the level of PRRT2 mRNA in KI mice is significantly decreased, recapitulating the reduction of PRRT2 mRNA reported in PKD patients. Furthermore, mutant PRRT2 mRNA is unstable and showed shortened half-life than wild-type PRRT2 mRNA. Our studies suggest that PRRT2 frameshift mutation leads to the loss of function by affecting its mRNA stability, a mechanism that is different from haploinsufficiency due to dysfunctional protein or gain of function caused by truncated protein. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.