Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.522, No.4, 869-875, 2020
CRIF1 deficiency induced mitophagy via p66shc-regulated ROS in endothelial cells
Inhibition of mitochondrial protein CR6 interacting factor 1 (CRIF1) disturbs mitochondrial function, depolarizes membrane potential, and increases reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels in endothelial cells. Impaired mitochondrial function accompanied by oxidative damage is a major contributor to the initiation of mitophagy. We hypothesized that CRIF1 deficiency-induced harmful effects may promote mitophagy, and explored the mechanism underlying this effect in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Our results showed that CRIF1 downregulation not only induced the mitophagy-related markers LC3 (LC3-II/I), PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) and parkin, but also stimulated redox enzyme p66shc expression. Scavenging mitochondrial ROS markedly blunted the CRIF1 deficiency-induced increase in p66shc expression. In addition, knockdown of p66shc inhibited the CRIF1 deletion-triggered mitochondrial ROS increase, membrane potential depolarization, and mitochondrial fusion. The restoration of mitochondrial dysfunction by p66shc downregulation also decreased CRIF1 deficiency-induced mitophagy, by elevating the levels of LC3-II/I, PINK1 and parkin. These findings suggest that CRIF1 deficiency induces mitophagy via p66shc-regulated ROS in endothelial cells. (C) 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.