Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.523, No.1, 153-158, 2020
Oxidative stress facilitates cell death by inhibiting Orai1-mediated Ca2+ entry in brain capillary endothelial cells
Brain capillary endothelial cells (BCECs) form the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and play an essential role in the regulation of its functions. Oxidative stress accumulates excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) and facilitates the death of BCECs, leading to a dysfunctional BBB. However, the mechanisms underlying the death of BCECs under oxidative stress remain unclear. In the present study, the effects of oxidative stress on cell viability, ROS production, intracellular Ca2+ concentration, and protein expression were examined using a cell line derived from bovine BCECs, t-BBEC117. When t-BBEC117 cells were exposed to oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2, 10-100 mu M), cell growth was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner. Oxidative stress by 30 tM H2O2 increased the production of ROS and its effects were blocked by the ROS scavenger, 10 mM N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC). In addition, oxidative stress reduced store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) and this decrease was recovered by NAC or the Orai channel activator, 5 mu M 2-aminoethyl diphenylborinate (2-APB). The siRNA knockdown of Orai1 revealed that Orai1 was mainly responsible for SOCE channels and its activity was decreased by oxidative stress. However, the protein expression of Orai1 and STIM1 was not affected by oxidative stress. Oxidative stress-induced cell death was rescued by 2-APB, NAC, or the STIM-Orai activating region. In conclusion, oxidative stress reduces Orail-mediated SOCE and, thus, facilitates the death of BCECs. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.