Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.523, No.1, 135-139, 2020
Combination of oral recombinant methioninase and decitabine arrests a chemotherapy-resistant undifferentiated soft-tissue sarcoma patient-derived orthotopic xenograft mouse model
Cancer cells are methionine (MET) and methylation addicted and are highly sensitive to MET restriction. The present study determined the efficacy of oral-recombinant methioninase (o-rMETase) and the DNA methylation inhibitor, decitabine (DAC) on restricting MET in an undifferentiated-soft tissue sarcoma (USTS) patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (PDOX) nude-mouse model. The USTS PDOX models were randomized into five treatment groups of six mice: Control; doxorubicin (DOX) alone; DAC alone; o-rMETase alone; and o-rMETase-DAC combination. Tumor size and body weight were measured during the 14 days of treatment. Tumor growth was arrested only in the o-rMETase-DAC condition. Tumors treated with the o-rMETase-DAC combination exhibited tumor necrosis with degenerative changes. This study demonstrates that the o-rMETase-DAC combination could arrest the USTS PDOX tumor suggesting clinical promise. (C) Published by Elsevier Inc.