Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.523, No.2, 354-360, 2020
Transcriptional co-repressor CtBP2 orchestrates epithelial- mesenchymal transition through a novel transcriptional holocomplex with OCT1
The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a cell intrinsic program controlling cellular morphological and phenotypic remodeling in a wide range of biological processes. Despite the accumulating evidence, the transcriptional networks regulating EMT still remain to be elucidated. In this study, we demonstrate that C-terminal binding protein 2 (CtBP2), a critical transcriptional co-repressor harboring pyridine nucleotide sensing capability, orchestrates the EMT program at least in part through a novel transcriptional interaction with an octamer transcription factor, OCT1 (POU2F1, POU class 2 homeobox 1). We identified novel interactions of CtBP2 with several octamer transcription factors, and CtBP2 exhibits a direct interaction with OCT1 in particular. OCT1 accelerates the EMT program as reported, which is diminished by the mutation of the CtBP-binding motif in OCT1, suggesting OCT1 represses epithelial gene expression through recruiting the co-repressor CtBP2. In accordance with these findings, a canonical EMT activator transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta promotes the formation of the CtBP2/OCT1 complex. Our observations illustrate the role of CtBP2 to orchestrate the EMT program through the interaction with OCT1 and highlight the potential of therapeutic exploitation of this new transcriptional system for a wide range of diseases. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.