Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.523, No.3, 651-657, 2020
Enzymatic synthesis of non-digestible oligosaccharide catalyzed by dextransucrase and dextranase from maltose acceptor reaction
Non-digestible oligosaccharides have wide food industrial applications as dietary fibers and prebiotics. The aim of this study is to realize the effective biosynthesis of isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMOs) and reduce the production of by-product dextran. In the presence of acceptors improved the dextransucrase reaction shifting to oligosaccharides formation but a number of by-products dextran appeared. Maltose acceptor performed stronger inhibition behaviors in dextran synthesis than lactose and glucose acceptor due to its higher efficiencies. Acceptors had no influence on the structure of by-product dextran which mainly composed of alpha-(1,6)-glycosidic linkages and low alpha-(1,3)-glycosidic branch. In addition, the Mw and contents of IMOs and oligodextrans synthesized by dual-enzyme were hard to control. Addition of maltose acceptor in the dual-enzyme reaction, the adequate dextranase preferentially degraded dextran than the acceptor products to yield the IMOs. Results indicated that the combined use of the dual-enzyme and the maltose acceptor is a simple and effective method to promote the high-quality of functional IMOs. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.