Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.523, No.3, 595-601, 2020
The role of sphingosine-1-phosphate signaling pathway in cementocyte mechanotransduction
latrogenic external root resorption can become a serious pathological condition with clinical tooth movement. Little is known regarding how cementum responds to mechanical loading in contrast to bone, especially under compressive stress. In the field of bone biology, several studies have established the contribution of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) signaling in bone remodeling, mechanical transduction and homeostasis. As osteocytes and cementocytes share similar morphological and functional characteristics, this study aimed to investigate the mechanotransduction ability of cementocytes and to explore the contribution of SIP signaling under compressive stress induced mechanotransduction. We found that compressive stress inhibited major SIP signaling and promoted the expression of anabolic factors in IDG-CM6 cells, a novel immortalized murine cementocyte cell line. By inhibiting SIP signaling, we verified that SIP signaling played a vital role in regulating the expression of the mechanotransduction factors prostaglandin E2 (PGE(2)) and beta-catenin, as well as factors responsible for cementogenesis and cementoclastogenesis in IDG-CM6 cells. These results support the hypothesis that cementocytes act as key mechanically responsive cells in cementum, responding to compressive stress and directing local cementum metabolism. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.