Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.524, No.1, 198-204, 2020
O-18 labeling on Ser45 but not on Ser35 supports the cooperative phosphorylation mechanism on tarantula thick filament activation
Thick filaments from some striated muscles are regulated by phosphorylation of myosin regulatory light chains (RLCs). A tarantula thick filament quasi-atomic model achieved by cryo-electron microscopy has advanced our understanding on how this regulation occurs. In native thick filaments, an asymmetric intramolecular interaction between the actin-binding region of one myosin head ("blocked") and the converter region of the other head ("free") switches both heads off, establishing the myosin interactingheads motif (IHM). This structural finding, together with motility assays, sequence analysis, and mass spectrometry (MS) observations have suggested a cooperative phosphorylation activation ( CPA) mechanism for thick filament activation. In the CPA mechanism, some myosin free heads are phosphorylated constitutively in Ser35 by protein kinase C (PKC) and -under Ca2+ control - others (free or blocked) heads temporally on Ser45 by myosin light chain kinase (MLCK), in a way that explains both force development and post-tetanic potentiation in tarantula striated muscle. We tested this model using MS to verify if Ca2+-activation phosphorylates de novo un-phosphorylated Ser35 heads. For this purpose, we standardized an approach based on O-18 isotopic ATP labeling to accurately detect by MS-MS the RLC phosphorylation under Ca2+-activation. MS spectra showed de novo O-18 incorporation only on Ser45 but not on Ser35. As the constitutive Ser35 phosphorylation cannot be dephosphorylated, this result suggests that the number of RLCs on free heads with constitutively phosphorylated Ser35 does remain constant on Ca2+-activation supporting that the myosin has a basal activation and force modulation or potentiation is controlled by MLCK Ser45 phosphorylation. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.