Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.524, No.1, 103-108, 2020
Mutation of leucine 20 causes a change of local conformation indirectly impairing the DNA binding of SP_0782 from Streptococcus pneumoniae
SP_0782 from Streptococcus pneumoniae is a dimeric PC4-like protein binding single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), and is potentially involved in maintenance of genome stability and natural transformation. SP_0782 binds with different lengths of ssDNA in various patterns through accommodating nucleotides differently in its two DNA-binding regions (DBRs). Here, we report the characterization of a novel site, leucine 20 (L20), which is not located in the DBRs but impairs the DNA binding when mutated to alanine (L20A). The L20A mutation markedly reduced the DNA-binding affinity of SP_0782 for ssDNA dT19G1, and affected the formation of high-order SP_0782:dT19G1 complexes. The side chain of L20 shows interactions with several residues at the backside of the DBRs in apo SP_0782 structure, and the L20A mutation led to a change of circular dichroism (CD) spectrum and broad chemical shift perturbations (CSPs) in NMR spectrum compared with the wild type. The most affected residues in NMR spectrum included F39 and R49 located in DBR2, as well as K60 in DBR1, which was suggested to be important for cooperative binding of ssDNA by the two subunits in SP_0782 dimer. Thus, the L20A mutation caused a local conformational change of SP_0782, which exerted an indirect effect on the DNA-binding interface and therefore impaired the affinity for ssDNA dT19G1. Interestingly, this L20 site is conserved in bacterial but not eukaryotic PC4-like proteins, suggesting an evolutionary divergence. This study provides an insight into the structure-function relationship of SP_0782, and an amino-acid site probably targeted for inhibiting bacteria selectively. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.