Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.524, No.3, 702-709, 2020
Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase promotes the osteogenic differentiation of osteoprogenitor cells
Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (TNAP) is expressed in the calcification sites of the skeletal tissue. It promotes hydroxyapatite crystal formation by degrading inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi) and increasing inorganic phosphate (P-i) concentration. However, abnormalities in Alpl(-/-) mouse-derived osteoblasts are poorly understood, and the involvement of TNAP in osteoblast differentiation remains unclear. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the precise role of TNAP in osteoblast differentiation. TNAP inhibition by levamisole, a reversible TNAP inhibitor, suppressed the expression of osteoblast differentiation marker genes in wild-type osteoblastic cells. Alpl overexpression increased the expression of master osteoblast transcription factor genes runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2) and Sp7 and the mature osteoblast and osteocyte marker genes, bone gamma-carboxyglutamate protein 2 (Bglap2) and dentin matrix protein 1 (Dmp1), respectively in Alpl-deficient osteoblastic cells. TNAP regulated Runx2 expression, which in turn regulated the expression of all other osteoblast markers, except Dmp1. Dmp1 expression was independent of RUNX2 but was dependent on extracellular P-i concentration in Runx2-deficient osteogenic cells. These results suggest that TNAP functions as an osteogenic differentiation regulator either by regulating Runx2 expression or by controlling extracellular P-i concentration. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.