화학공학소재연구정보센터
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.524, No.4, 990-995, 2020
Insights into the limitations of transient expression systems for the functional study of p53 acetylation site and oncogenic mutants
Tumor suppressor protein p53 protects cells against malignant transformation mostly through transcriptional activation. Lysine acetylation is required to mediate activation of p53. The protein displays eight lysine residues and their evolutionary conservation argues for an essential role. The aim of this study was to investigate the significance of individual acetylation sites in mediating p53 functions. Differences in intracellular localization, protein expression levels, and transcriptional activity were investigated by overexpressing acetylation-deficient p53 variants in the colon carcinoma-derived p53 knock-out cell line HCT 116 p53((-)/(-)). We found that not all lysine residues are equally capable of promoting p53's functions. Individual amino acid mutations or combinations thereof led to altered p53 expression levels, intracellular distribution, or transcriptional transactivation capacity, as compared to the wild-type protein. However, we observed that the choice of protein tag and expression vector could significantly alter obtained results on certain aspects of p53 function. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier Inc.