Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.524, No.4, 977-982, 2020
CCOAOMT1, a candidate cargo secreted via VAMP721/722 secretory vesicles in Arabidopsis
We previously found that VAMP721/722 SNARE proteins guide secretory vesicles to pathogen-attacking sites during immune responses in Arabidopsis, which suggests that these vesicles should deliver immune molecules. However, the lethality of vamp721 vamp722 double null mutant makes it difficult to understand the nature of cargo transported via VAMP721/722 vesicles. Since VAMP721/722-depleted (VAMP721(+/-) VAMP722(+/-) and VAMP721(+/-) VAMP722(+/-)) plants show compromised resistance to extracellular pathogens, we assume that an immune protein secreted through the VAMP721/722-engaged exocytosis would be remained more in VAMP721/722-depleted plants than WT. By comparing intracellular proteins between WT and VAMP721/722-depleted plants, we found caffeoyl-CoA O-methyltransferase 1 (CCOAOMT1) involved in the lignin biosynthesis was more abundantly detected in both VAMP721/722-depleted lines than WT. Plants are well-known to deposit secondary cell walls as physical barriers at pathogen-attempting sites. Therefore, extracellular detection of CCOAOMT1 and impaired resistance to Pseudomonas syringae DC3000 in ccoaomt1 plants suggest that plants secrete cell wall-modifying enzymes at least including CCOAOMT1 to reinforce the secondary cell walls for immunity. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.