Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.524, No.4, 791-797, 2020
MiR-3940-5p promotes granulosa cell proliferation through targeting KCNA5 in polycystic ovarian syndrome
Increased granulosa cell (GC) proliferation may contribute to abnormal folliculogenesis in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which affects approximately 10% reproductive aged women. However, the mechanisms underlying increased GC proliferation in PCOS remain incompletely understood. In this study, we identified miR-3940-5p as a hub miRNA in GC from PCOS using weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA), and real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis confirmed that miR-3940-5p was significantly increased in GC from PCOS. Enrichment analysis of predicted target genes of miR-3940-5p indicated potential roles of miR-3940-5p in follicular development and cell proliferation regulation. Consistently, functional study confirmed that miR-3940-5p overexpression promoted granulosa cell proliferation. Integrated analysis of mRNA expression profiling data and predicted target genes of miR-3940-5p identified potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily A member 5 (KCNA5) as a potential target of miR-3940-5p, and was validated by luciferase reporter assay. Finally, functional analysis suggested that miR-3940-5p promoted GC proliferation in a KCNA5 dependent manner. In conclusion, miR-3940-5p was a hub miRNA upregulated in GC from PCOS, and promoted GC proliferation by targeting KCNA5. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.