Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.525, No.1, 184-191, 2020
Ubiquitination of Src promotes its secretion via small extracellular vesicles
Upregulation of the Src tyrosine kinase is implicated in the progression of cancer. The oncogenic potential of Src is suppressed via several negative regulation systems including degradation via the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Here, we show that ubiquitination of Src promotes its secretion via small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) to suppress its oncogenic potential. In MDCK cells expressing a modified Src that can be activated by hydroxytamoxifen, activated Src was transported to late endosomes/lysosomes and secreted via sEVs. The secretion of Src was suppressed by ablation of Cbl E3-ligase, suggesting the contribution of ubiquitination to this process. Activated Src was ubiquitinated at multiple sites, and Lys429 was identified as a critical site for sEV-mediated secretion. Mutation of Src at Lys429 (R429) caused resistance to ubiquitination and decreased its secretion via sEVs. The activated R429 mutant was also transported to late endosomes/lysosomes, whereas its incorporation into intraluminal vesicles was reduced. Activation of the R429 mutant induced a greater FAK activation than that of wildtype Src, thereby potentiating Src-induced invasive phenotypes, such as invadopodia formation and invasive activity. These findings demonstrate that ubiquitination of activated Src at Lys429 promotes its secretion via sEVs, suggesting a potential strategy to suppress the oncogenic function of upregulated Src. (c) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.