Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.525, No.2, 447-454, 2020
Prion protein interacts with the metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 and regulates the organization of Ca2+ signaling
Cellular prion protein (PrP) is a membrane protein that is highly conserved among mammals and mainly expressed on the cell surface of neurons. Despite its reported interactions with various membrane proteins, no functional studies have so far been carried out on it, and its physiological functions remain unclear. Neuronal cell death has been observed in a PrP-knockout mouse model expressing Doppel protein, suggesting that PrP might be involved in Ca2+ signaling. In this study, we evaluated the binding of PrP to metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (mGluR1) and found that wild-type PrP (PrP-wt) and mGluR1 co-immunoprecipitated in dual-transfected Neuro-2a (N2a) cells. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer analysis revealed an energy transfer between mGluR1-Cerulean and PrP-Venus. In order to determine whether PrP can modulate mGluR1 signaling, we performed Ca2+ imaging analyses following repetitive exposure to an mGluR1 agonist. Agonist stimulation induced synchronized Ca2+ oscillations in cells coexpressing PrP-wt and mGluR1. In contrast, N2a cells expressing PrP-Delta N failed to show ligand-dependent regulation of mGluR1-Ca2+ signaling, indicating that PrP can bind to mGluR1 and modulate its function to prevent irregular Ca2+ signaling and that its N-terminal region functions as a molecular switch during Ca2+ signaling. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.