Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.525, No.2, 265-271, 2020
Biochemical and structural characterization of the Holliday junction resolvase RuvC from Pseudomonas aeruginosa
The Holliday junction, a four-way DNA structure, is an important intermediate of homologous recombination. Proper Holliday junction resolution is critical to complete the recombination process. In most bacterial cells, the Holliday junction cleavage is mainly performed by a specific endonuclease RuvC. Here, we describe the biochemical properties and the crystal structure of RuvC from an opportunistic pathogen, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PaRuvC). PaRuvC specifically binds to the Holliday junction DNA and preferentially cleaves it at the consensus 5'-TTC-3'. PaRuvC uses Mg2+ as the preferred divalent metal cofactor for Holliday junction cleavage and its optimum pH is 8.0-9.0. Elevated temperatures (37-60 degrees C) boost the catalytic activity, but temperatures higher than 53 degrees C reduce the protein stability. The crystal structure of PaRuvC determined at 2.4 angstrom and mutagenesis analysis reveal key residues involved in the dimer formation, substrate binding and catalysis. Our results are expected to provide useful information to combat antibiotic resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa by targeting its homologous recombination system. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.