Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.525, No.4, 997-1003, 2020
C6-ceramide induces salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma cell apoptosis via IP3R-activated UPR and UPR-independent pathways
C6-ceramide is an exogenous short-chain ceramide which can induce apoptosis of multiple cancer cells. Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma ( SACC) is a common salivary gland cancer, which possesses of high rate of local recurrence and distant metastasis. The mechanism of ceramide-induced SACC-83 and SACC-LM cell apoptosis has not been revealed. In our study, gene expression microarray was used to discover that the unfolded protein response (UPR) pathway, especially PRKR-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) pathway, was the major activated pathway after treatment of c6-ceramide. D1ER, an endoplasmicreticulum-targeted Ca2+ indicator, was used to measure Ca2+ release from endoplasmic reticulum (ER) dynamically. We found that inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor 3 (IP3R3) was activated, leading to Ca2+ release from ER, soon after c6-ceramide treatment. IP3R3 silencing could block UPR, although it could not prevent SACC-83 and SACC-LM cells from apoptosis. Moreover, we found that C/EBP-homologous protein could upregulate in a UPR-independent way. Mitochondria outer membrane permeabilization might play an important role in inducing SACC cell apoptosis. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.