Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.525, No.4, 982-988, 2020
Production of a novel dimeric 4-deoxy-L-erythro-5-hexoseulose uronic acid by a PL-17 exolytic alginate lyase from Hydrogenophaga sp. UMI-18
Hydrogenopahaga sp. strain UMI-18 is an alginolytic bacterium that can produce poly(3-hydroxybutylate) (PHB) using alginate as its sole carbon source. Genome analysis indicated that this strain harbors both PHB-synthesizing and alginate-assimilating gene clusters. In the present study, we cloned HyAly-I gene that encodes a PL-17 exolytic alginate lyase and investigated its enzymatic properties using recombinant HyAly-I (recHyAly-I) that was produced by Escherichia coli. The recHyAly-I preferably depolymerized poly(b-D-mannuronate) block of alginate in an exolytic manner at an optimal temperature and a pH at 40 degrees C and pH 6.0, respectively. It released 4-deoxy-L-erythro-5-hexoseulose uronic acid (DEH) from the non-reducing terminus of polymer and oligomer substrates. Interestingly, recHyAly-I was found to produce a novel unsaturated disaccharide, i.e., dimeric DEH (diDEH), along with monomeric DEH. Production of diDEH was prominent in the degradation of trisaccharides. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.