Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.525, No.4, 895-901, 2020
Liraglutide ameliorates obesity-related nonalcoholic fatty liver disease by regulating Sestrin2-mediated Nrf2/HO-1 pathway
Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) analogue, could reverse NAFLD-induced liver damage by improving metabolic profiles, but the exact molecular mechanism has not been elucidated. Sestrin2 is a novel antioxidant protein, essential for regulating metabolic homeostasis. However, whether sestrin2-mediated redox balance participated in the protective effects of liraglutide against NAFLD is still elusive. The aim of the study was to determine whether liraglutide could ameliorate NAFLD by increasing Sestrin2-mediated signaling in obese mice. Following a normal diet or high fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks, male C57BL/6 mice were treated with or without liraglutide for 4 weeks. Function and histopathology of liver were conducted to evaluate liver injury. Sestrin2-related AMPK and Nrf2/HO-1 pathway were examined. Antioxidative and inflammatory genes and were determined. HFD mice displayed significantly increased body weight, fat mass, lipids levels and impaired glucose homeostasis with reduced glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. Metabolic profiles, hepatic injury, and hepatic lipid accumulation from HFD mice were improved by liraglutide treatment. Liraglutide enhanced Sestrin2, phosphorylated AMPK, Nrf2, and HO-1 protein levels. Additionally, Liraglutide treatment increased mRNA levels of Sestrin2, Nrf2, HO-1 and down-stream genes catalase, GCLM and NQO1, but reduced malondialdehyde and TNF-alpha levels. Our findings indicated that liraglutide ameliorated obesity-related NAFLD through upregulating Sestrin2-mediated Nrf2/HO-1 pathway. (C) 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.