Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.190, No.2, 410-422, 2020
Suspension State Promotes Drug Resistance of Breast Tumor Cells by Inducing ABCC3 Overexpression
Mechanical microenvironment plays a critical role in cancer drug resistance and this study supposed that suspension state might be involved in drug resistance of breast tumor cells. The viability of cell was detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium (MTS) assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Gene and protein were tested by RT-qPCR and Western blot, respectively. Drug resistance of MDA-MB-231 cells cultured for 72 h under suspension state was significantly increased. Suspension state was found to induce the overexpression of adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette subfamily C member 3 (ABCC3) in MDA-MB-231 cells. Silencing of ABCC3 significantly decreased drug resistance of suspension MDA-MB-231 cells. Moreover, suspension state was able to increase lamin A/C accumulation in MDA-MB-231 cells and lamin A/C regulated the expression of ABCC3. Moreover, lamin A/C knockdown also decreased drug resistance of suspension MDA-MB-231 cells, but the effect on drug resistance was less than that of ABCC3 knockdown. Suspension state plays a vital role in promoting drug resistance of MDA-MB-231 cells by inducing ABCC3 overexpression, and lamin A/C accumulation is associated with this process.