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AIChE Journal, Vol.66, No.5, 2020
Recovery of vinyl chloride from by-streams of polyvinyl chloride production by TPSA in a multitubular adsorber
This work aims at developing an efficient and feasible adsorption-based separation process for the separation of vinyl chloride and nitrogen, on activated carbon, by employing a multitubular packed bed geometry, with adsorbent material inside the tubes. Using this geometry, a 2-dimensional mathematical model of a temperature pressure swing adsorption process was used to developed a 6-step three multitubular adsorbers system capable of separating and purifying an industrial scale gas stream of a 40:60% (v/v) vinyl chloride/nitrogen mixture into a 95% (v/v) vinyl chloride stream and a nitrogen stream with a vinyl chloride limit concentration of 8 ppm (w/w). The process reported energy consumption of 4.88 x 10(6) J/kg(VCM) and recovery capacity of 24.35 kg(VCM)/(m(unit)(3) h). The multitubular geometry enabled the use of lower adsorbent loads, shorter cycle times, and lower regeneration temperatures. An equivalent 1-dimensional model has also shown to satisfactorily estimate the performance of the current equipment.