Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.31, No.1, 198-210, 2020
Entrainment of particles and gas induced by draft fan over the particles bed
The draft fan is used to generate a controlled transportation of particles to enhance entrainment of gas and particles from the particles bed. Present investigations show the entrainment behavior of particles induced by an axial 4-blade draft fan hovering over the particles bed. The distributions of velocities and volume fractions of gas and particles are simulated using Euler-Euler two-fluid model (TFM) with kinetic theory of granular flow (KTGF) at different hovering heights and rotational speeds of the draft fan. The dense region with high solids volume fraction and low particles velocity and the dilute region with low solids volume fraction and high particles velocity exist beneath the draft fan along hovering heights. The entrainment of particles increases with the decrease of hovering height and increase of rotational speed of the draft fan. Present numerical simulations confirm that the gas-solid TFM with the kinetic theory of granular flow and multiple reference frame model can be effectively applied to analysis for entrainment of particles induced by draft fan. (C) 2019 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.