Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.31, No.2, 658-669, 2020
CFD modelling and simulation of an industrial scale continuous fluidized bed roaster
In the present work, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) based modelling of an industrial scale continuous fluidised bed roaster (FBR) has been carried out to study its performance at different operating conditions, so that the sulphide-sulphur content in the product is within 0.4% at the designed feed rate of 39.75 DMT/h. Eulerian-Eulerian multiphase model, considering four granular phases and one gas phase has been implemented to investigate the velocity and mass fraction profile of the particles in the FBR. The heat and species mass balance calculations have been performed external to CFD, by dividing the roaster into several sections. The conversion of ZnS to ZnO at various sections of the roaster has been estimated using reaction kinetics under isothermal condition (1203 K). The heat liberated and possible temperature rise at each section was predicted based on the heat of reaction and sensible heat of the solid and gaseous products. The CFD model was validated with the plant data for a feed rate of 36.5 DMT/h, air flow rate of 65,000 Nm(3)/h and O-2 content of 21%. The proposed model predicted the sulphide-sulphur content in the product to be 0.4% for the designed feed rate of 39.75 DMT/h, when the O-2 content in the inlet air was increased to 25%. (C) 2019 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.