화학공학소재연구정보센터
Applied Chemistry for Engineering, Vol.31, No.2, 230-236, April, 2020
소수성 UV 경화형 우레탄 아크릴레이트와 아크릴 점착제 사이의 계면 부착력 향상을 위한 에폭시 실란의 영향
Effect of Silane Coupling Agent on Adhesion Properties between Hydrophobic UV-curable Urethane Acrylate and Acrylic PSA
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초록
본 연구에서는 모바일 기기용 방수 및 내충격 기능성 소재로 사용되는 우레탄-아크릴레이트 점착테이프의 부착력 향상 연구를 수행하였다. 소수성 표면을 가진 기재(substrate) 필름과 아크릴 점착제 사이의 젖음성 및 밀착력 하락으로 인한 점착테이프의 물성 저하를 개선하기 위해, 에폭시 작용기를 가진 실란 커플링제인 3-glycidoxy-propyl trimethoxysilane (GPTMS)을 UV 경화형 우레탄-아크릴레이트 수지에 함량별로 첨가하여 필름을 제조하였다. FT-IR, EDS, XPS 를 이용하여 실란 커플링제의 함량에 따른 기재 필름의 표면 결합 특성을 확인하였고, 인장강도, 접촉각, 겔 분율(gel fraction)을 측정하여 기계적 물성 변화를 비교하였다. 또한 우레탄-아크릴레이트 필름의 양쪽에 아크릴 점착제를 코팅하여 양면 점착테이프를 제조하고, 180, 90° 박리강도(peel strength)를 측정하여 실란 커플링제 함량별로 기재 필름과 점착제 사이의 접착력(밀착력)을 비교하였다. 실란 커플링제 함량이 증가할수록 기재필름의 다양한 물성의 변화를 보였지만, 0.5~1 wt% 정도의 첨가는 기타 물성의 손실 없이 효과적으로 점착층과의 계면 부착력을 향상시켰다.
In this study, an adhesive tape with water and impact resistance for mobile devices was developed using a UV-curable urethane acrylate based polymer as a substrate. The substrate fabricated by UV-curable materials shows hydrophobicity and poor wettability, which significantly deteriorates the interface-adhesions between the substrate and acrylic adhesive. In order to improve the interface adhesion, 3-glycidoxy-propyl trimethoxysilane (GPTMS), a silane coupling agent having epoxy functional groups, was selected and incorporated into UV-curable urethane acrylate based polymer resins in various contents. The changes of the chemical composition according to the contents of GPTMS was studied with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) to know the surface bonding properties. Also mechanical properties of the substrate were characterized by tensile strength, gel fraction and water contact angle measurements. The peel strengths at 180° and 90° were measured to compare the adhesion between the substrate and adhesive according to the silane coupling agent contents. The mechanical strength of the urethane acrylate adhesive tape decreased as the silane coupling agent increased, but the adhesion between the substrate and adhesives increased remarkably at an appropriate content of 0.5~1 wt%.
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