화학공학소재연구정보센터
Korea-Australia Rheology Journal, Vol.32, No.1, 47-59, February, 2020
High temperature extensional rheology of commercially available polycarbonate mixed with flame retardant salts
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In this paper, we present a study of the dripping properties of polycarbonate (PC) modified with combinations of earth metal salts of inorganic sulfur, potassium perfluorobutane sulfonate (Rimar); non-halogenated flame retardant additives, potassium diphenyl sulfone-3-Sulfonate (KSS); and block co-polymerspolytetrafluoroethylene encapsulated with styrene acrylonitrile resin (T-SAN). Measurements of the extensional rheology of polycarbonate with different concentration of each flame retardant additive were performed using a custom-built high temperature Capillary Breakup Extensional Rheometer (CaBER) at temperatures up to T = 400°C. From these measurements, the evolution of the apparent transient extensional viscosity was monitored as a function of time and strain both in air and in an inert nitrogen environment. The evolution of extensional viscosity has been shown to be an excellent tool for predicting the dripping behavior of polymers exposed to heat and a valuable tool for understanding the mechanism of polymer degradation which is typically dominated by either crosslinking or charring. We show that extensional rheology measurements are significantly more sensitive to temperature-induced changes to the polymer microstructure than shear rheology measurements. We have also performed systematic concentration of specific flame retardant salts and through variation in extensional rheology and investigated the optimum concentration required to achieve a V0 rating. Finally, we will show that extensional rheology is a powerful method for predicting the effect of flame retardant modifiers and optimizing their use in new flame resistant materials.
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