Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.559, 162-168, 2020
Morphology luminescence and photovoltaic performance of lanthanide doped CaWO4 nanocrystals
Multifunctional materials have attracted recent attention due to their various applications in many fields. In this work, CaWO4 nanocrystals were prepared by a hydrothermal method. Nanoparticles, nanowires, and micro-sized structures were obtained by controlling the reaction temperature, Ca2+-to-WO42- ratio and type of dopant. The influence of rare earth ions on the morphology and luminescence properties was investigated. Upconversion and downconversion luminescence behaviors showed CaWO4 to be an excellent host for rare earth doping. CaWO4:Er3+ nanowires were also used in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) to improve device performance. Increased light harvesting caused by improved dye loading capacity and enhanced light scattering led to improved cell efficiency. Moreover, reduced charge recombination due to the additional energy levels of CaWO4:Er3+ was another reason for the improved cell efficiency. Therefore, in this work, we demonstrated the synthesis of CaWO4 nanocrystals and the control of their morphology and luminescence by rare earth doping, which has significant future applications in lighting and display. The applications in DSSCs provide a new strategy to achieve high-performance solar cells by using nanocrystals via increased light harvesting and reduced charge recombination. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.