Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.562, 252-267, 2020
Sustainable production of nanoporous carbons: Kinetics and equilibrium studies in the removal of atrazine
Nanoporous carbons have been prepared from mangosteen peels-derived chars by physical activation under CO2 flow as a function of temperature. As an example of circular bioeconomy, these sustainable adsorbents were used to remove atrazine, a common pesticide from the agroindustry. Several adsorption models such as Langmuir (two parameter), Sips and Redlich-Peterson (three parameters) were applied to verify the influence of carbon's properties on the uptake of atrazine. Additional kinetic models (pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and Avrami's) allowed to establish that a mixture of physisorption and chemisorption describes the interaction between the nanoporous carbons and atrazine. As a general fact, an important diffusion of atrazine from the bulk of solution to the surface of carbons was observed. All samples were able to remove atrazine, but the highest uptake was found in the carbon with the highest contribution of micropores to the total pore of volume and with the lowest content of basic surface groups. Several correlations between the kinetic and equilibrium parameters for the atrazine adsorption were found as a function of the textural properties and surface chemistry. Based on the kinetics and equilibrium parameters, the present work proposes a mechanism for the atrazine adsorption on nanoporous carbons contributing to the understanding of the interactions between pollutant molecules and the surface functional groups on nanoporous carbons in the liquid-solid interface. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.