Journal of Catalysis, Vol.381, 248-260, 2020
Ni-Co oxide catalysts with lattice distortions for enhanced oxidation of glycerol to glyceric acid
Developing cheap and highly efficient catalysts for the selective oxidation of glycerol to value-added carboxylic acids still remains a challenge. Here, non-noble-metal Ni-Co oxide catalysts with lattice distortions are reported for the first time as highly efficient and stable catalysts for the oxidation of glycerol to glyceric acid. The Ni1Co1Ox catalyst, prepared by a modified hard template method, exhibits superior activity (1.5 x 10 (3) s (1)), excellent glyceric acid selectivity (66.5%), and good stability under mild conditions (80 degrees C, 1 MPa O-2). Multiple characterizations demonstrated that the nanosized Ni1Co1Ox catalyst (2.3 nm) contains lattice distortion Ni-Co structures with nickel-rich surfaces. This morphology induces electron transfer from Co cations (mainly Co3+) to Ni cations (mainly Ni3+), resulting in the generation of surface oxygen vacancies. Density functional theory calculations and catalytic kinetics demonstrated that oxygen vacancies on Co species could improve glyceric acid selectivity by preventing the cleavage of C-C bond, and oxygen vacancies on the Ni species could promote the activation of C-H bonds, which results in the exceptional catalytic performance of Ni1Co1Ox. The novel Ni-Co oxide catalyst with lattice distortions synthesized here may provide some guidance for the rational design of inexpensive and highly efficient catalysts for the catalytic oxidation of biopolyols. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.