Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.58, No.22, 15008-15012, 2019
Ligand-Dependent Luminescence Properties of Lanthanide- Titanium Oxo Clusters
A series of lanthanide-titanium oxo clusters (LnTOCs), Ln(2)Ti(8)-Ac, Ln(2)Ti(8) -p-Toluic, and Ln(2)Ti(8)-Anthra (Ln = Eu and Tb), were prepared based on acetic acid (HAc), p-toluic acid (Hp-Toluic), and anthracene-9-carboxylic acid (HAnthra). Crystal structural analysis showed that these clusters possess the same metal topology framework, in which eight Ti4+ ions form a cube and two Ln(3+) ions are located on the opposite faces of the cube. The luminescence investigation discovered that the Eu2Ti8-Ac displays the highest quantum yields with 15.6%, and the conjugation effect of ligand substituents can lower the triplet state energy of ligands, thus regulating the luminescence quantum yield of the Ln(2)Ti(8) clusters. These results suggest that the triplet excited-state energy of the ligands should match well with the energy levels of Ln(3+) to enhance the luminescence.