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Energy, Vol.189, 2019
Validations of three-dimensional wake models with the wind field measurements in complex terrain
This paper aims to validate the analytical three-dimensional wake models by the wind data measured at a complex-terrain hilly wind farm in China. The wake models take into account the variation of wind speed in the vertical direction. The profiles of wind speeds were scanned by two moveable lidars. Two scanning modes were adopted to obtain the profiles of wind speed in vertical and horizontal directions, respectively. When validating the wake model for a single wind turbine in the vertical direction, the model can predict the wind speeds with acceptable accuracy, especially at positions beyond 10D downstream distance or above 100m height. Some large errors were found at positions less than 40m height. Wind speeds in two symmetrical side sections showed different distributions at the same downwind positions. When validating the wake model for multiple wind turbines in horizontal direction, the model also had a reliable accuracy at the far wake positions and near the inflow measuring site, but it cannot predict the wind deficits before an operating wind turbine and was not accurate in some complex-terrain situations. Suggestions and factors were given to be considered for improving the wake models in the future. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.